First Do No Harm

      

 

 

 

 

 

 

UV Light Part II
UV Light Versus Chlorine

 

In the first part of this series on UV Light, we learned that it was once thought that sunlight was a bactericide. It is now known that UV light (from the sun or from any other source) kills not only bacteria, but molds, protozoa, yeasts, and even viruses.

From http://www.ultraviolet.com/microorgan.htm we found the following table. These are all the known bacteria, viruses, molds, yeasts, and protozoa that can be killed by UV Light, followed by the UV dose required to do the job. By know, we mean those known at the time this table was constructed. Scientists are still finding more with further investigation.

Bacteria

UV Dose

Agrobacterium lumefaciens 5

8,500

Bacillus anthracis 1,4,5,7,9 (anthrax veg.)

8,700

Bacillus anthracis Spores (anthrax spores)*

46,200

Bacillus megatherium Sp. (veg) 4,5,9

2,500

Bacillus megatherium Sp. (spores) 4,9

5,200

Bacillus paratyphosus 4,9

6,100

Bacillus subtilis 3,4,5,6,9

11,000

Bacillus subtilis Spores 2,3,4,6,9

22,000

Clostridium tetani

23,100

Clostridium botulinum

11,200

Corynebacterium diphtheriae 1,4,5,7,8,9

6,500

Dysentery bacilli 3,4,7,9

4,200

Eberthella typhosa 1,4,9

4,100

Escherichia coli 1,2,3,4,9

6,600

Legionella bozemanii 5

3,500

Legionella dumoffill 5

5,500

Legionella gormanil 5

4,900

Legionella micdadei 5

3,100

Legionella longbeachae 5

2,900

Legionella pneumophila (Legionnaire's Disease)

12,300

Leptospira canicola-Infectious Jaundice 1,9

6,000

Leptospira interrogans 1,5,9

6,000

Micrococcus candidus 4,9

12,300

Micrococcus sphaeroides 1,4,6,9

15,400

Mycobacterium tuberculosis 1,3,4,5,7,8,9

10,000

Neisseria catarrhalis 1,4,5,9

8,500

Phytomonas tumefaciens 1,4,9

8,500

Proteus vulgaris 1,4,5,9

6,600

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Environ.Strain) 1,2,3,4,5,9

10,500

Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Lab. Strain) 5,7

3,900

Pseudomonas fluorescens 4,9

6,600

Rhodospirillum rubrum 5

6,200

Salmonella enteritidis 3,4,5,9

7,600

Salmonella paratyphi (Enteric Fever) 5,7

6,100

Salmonella Species 4,7,9

15,200

Salmonella typhimurium 4,5,9

15,200

Salmonella typhi (Typhoid Fever) 7

7,000

Salmonella

10,500

Sarcina lutea 1,4,5,6,9

26,400

Serratia marcescens 1,4,6,9

6,160

Shigella dysenteriae - Dysentery 1,5,7,9

4,200

Shigella flexneri - Dysentery 5,7

3,400

Shigella paradysenteriae 4,9

3,400

Shigella sonnei 5

7,000

Spirillum rubrum 1,4,6,9

6,160

Staphylococcus albus 1,6,9

5,720

Staphylococcus aureus 3,4,6,9

6,600

Staphylococcus epidermidis 5,7

5,800

Streptococcus faecaila 5,7,8

10,000

Streptococcus hemolyticus 1,3,4,5,6,9

5,500

Streptococcus lactis 1,3,4,5,6

8,800

Streptococcus pyrogenes

4,200

Streptococcus salivarius

4,200

Streptococcus viridans 3,4,5,9

3,800

Vibrio comma (Cholera) 3,7

6,500

Vibrio cholerae 1,5,8,9

6,500

Molds

UV Dose

Aspergillus amstelodami

77,000

Aspergillus flavus 1,4,5,6,9

99,000

Aspergillus glaucus 4,5,6,9

88,000

Aspergillus niger (breed mold) 2,3,4,5,6,9

330,000

Mucor mucedo

77,000

Mucor racemosus (A & B) 1,3,4,6,9

35,200

Oospora lactis 1,3,4,6,9

11,000

Penicillium chrysogenum

56,000

Penicillium digitatum 4,5,6,9

88,000

Penicillium expansum 1,4,5,6,9

22,000

Penicillium roqueforti 1,2,3,4,5,6

26,400

Rhizopus nigricans (cheese mold) 3,4,5,6,9

220,000

Protozoa

UV Dose

Chlorella vulgaris (algae) 1,2,3,4,5,9

22,000

Blue-green Algae

420,000

E. hystolytica

84,000

Giardia lamblia (cysts) 3

100,000

Nematode Eggs 6

40,000

Paramecium 1,2,3,4,5,6,9

200,000

Virus

UV Dose

Adeno Virus Type III 3

4,500

Bacteriophage 1,3,4,5,6,9

6,600

Coxsackie

6,300

Infectious Hepatitis 1,5,7,9

8,000

Influenza 1,2,3,4,5,7,9

6,600

Rotavirus 5

24,000

Tobacco Mosaic 2,4,5,6,9

440,000

Yeasts

UV Dose

Baker's Yeast 1,3,4,5,6,7,9

8,800

Brewer's Yeast 1,2,3,4,5,6,9

6,600

Common Yeast Cake 1,4,5,6,9

13,200

Saccharomyces cerevisiae 4,6,9

13,200

Saccharomyces ellipsoideus 4,5,6,9

13,200

Saccharomyces sp. 2,3,4,5,6,9

17,600

1. "The Use of Ultraviolet Light for Microbial Control", Ultrapure Water, April 1989.
2. William V. Collentro, "Treatment of Water with Ultraviolet Light - Part I", Ultrapure Water, July/August 1986.
3. James E. Cruver, Ph.D., "Spotlight on Ultraviolet Disinfection", Water Technology, June 1984.
4. Dr. Robert W. Legan, "Alternative Disinfection Methods-A Comparison of UV and Ozone", Industrial Water Engineering, Mar/Apr 1982. 
5. Unknown 
6. Rudolph Nagy, Research Report BL-R-6-1059-3023-1, Westinghouse Electric Corporation.
7. Myron Lupal, "UV Offers Reliable Disinfection", Water Conditioning & Purification, November 1993.
8. John Treij, “Ultraviolet Technology”, Water Conditioning & Purification, December 1995.9. Bak Srikanth, “The Basic Benefits of Ultraviolet Technology”, Water Conditioning & Purification, December 1995
* Approximate - Various sources may report different inactivation dosages.

How it works.

When microbes are exposed to UV light, the nucleus of the cells absorbs the UV energy, which “scrambles” the DNA structure. This sterilizes the cell and it can no longer reproduce. Thus, because it cannot reproduce (which is how an infection takes off) it is considered dead and no possible threat.

The thicker the organism, the more light (or time in the light) is needed to reach the organism’s DNA structures. Take giardia.

Giardia is a parasite that is much larger than any bacterium. It is a multi-cellular creature. The amount of light needed to scramble the DNA in giardia is more then ten times that is used to kill the infectious hepatitis virus and more than 20 times needed to kill the dysentery bacteria.

Hospitals use UV light as an adjunct to their normal sterilization procedures. It just makes sense to do all you can to kill germs in a hospital.

When it comes to water purification and water treatment, UV light kills many more microbes than chlorination. The hepatitis virus can survive swimming around in chlorinated water for a considerable time, but is quickly wiped out by UV Light.

One might ask the question, why are there no UV Light water treatment sites in this county. Actually, there are, but they are very few. In Canada there is a movement to replace chlorination water treatment plants with UV light water treatment plants. In the US, our chemical companies have way too much clout, or to put it in figures we can all understand, they have more lobbyists than the UV light crowd has.

Let’s take a quick look at the downside of chlorination.

  1. The production of chlorine is energy intensive and wasteful.
  2. Byproducts of chlorine production are toxic to aquatic life.
  3. Byproducts are carcinogenic.
  4. Chlorine is a hazardous substance. Storage, transportation, and handling is a potential safety hazard.
  5. A chlorine tank is a perfect target for any terrorist with a gun and a single bullet.
  6. Chlorine is much less effective in killing virus than in killing bacteria, and still not as effective as UV Light in killing both.
  7. Chlorine attacks your arteries and is a powerful contributing cause to Cardiovascular Disease.
  8. Chlorine in the blood forms calcium carbonate, the main cause of strokes (prior to the chlorination of water, Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA) and strokes were nearly unknown).

Here are a few quotations from people in the industry concerning chlorinated water:

"We are quite convinced, based on our study, that there is an association between cancer and chlorinated water." Medical College of Wisconsin Research Team

"Cancer risk among people drinking chlorinated water is 93% higher than among those whose water does not contain chlorine." U.S. Council Of Environmental Quality

"Putting chlorine in the water supplies is like starting a time bomb. Cancer, heart trouble, premature senility; both mental and physical, are conditions attributable to chlorine treated water supplies. It is making us grow old before our time by producing symptoms of aging, such as hardening of the arteries." Dr. Herbert Schwarts, Biological Chemist

Now let’s look at the benefits of UV Light water treatment:

  1. No chemical consumption, no storage or transportation issues.
  2. Low energy requirements.
  3. No harmful byproducts.
  4. Minimal moving parts and highly reliable.
  5. Disinfects better than chlorine, killing more waterborne microbes than chlorination.
  6. More cost effective than chlorination.

There you have it. Given the above, UV light is the ultimate choice for water purification, but don't expect it soon in your neighborhood. The monied interests are just too powerful and even when our leaders continue spewing that they are protecting us they still allow dangerous dangerous chlorine to be made, stored, and transported creating a myriad of targets for any terrorist or nut with a single bullet.

However, when it comes to water purification, it doesn’t end here. UV light works only on biological contaminants, not chemical contaminants. Further filtering is required. There are many companies that make home water filtering systems, and if you live in a rural area, you might want to consider one with UV light.

A Final Note

As we mentioned above, new microorganisms that can be eliminated by UV Light are being discovered all the time with further investigation. This might cause you to wonder if some of these new antibiotic resistant bacterial infections can be treated with UV Light, or if HIV/AIDS can be treated with UV Light.

The answer is an overwhelming Yes. However, again, as simple as incorporating this wonderful medicine into our health care practices, it seems that medicine, the largest monopoly in America, is the only obstacle. And don't expect that to end soon either.

Don't forget to read Part III of this series.

 

 

[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. The International Wellness Directory has no affiliation whatsoever with the originator of this article nor is the International Wellness Directory endorsed or sponsored by the originator.)

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